ENERGY ACCESS

Since 1994 South Africa has introduced many laudable and strong pro-poor policies, notably an impressive electrification and housing programme. We are now 87% electrified compared to 36% in 1996. Despite this, we have not reached the goal of universal access. If the country is to achieve a reduction in energy poverty and reach its goal of 100% electrification, policy and regulatory frameworks, and resources to support energy service delivery and implementation, need to be reviewed.

Energy Access

Since 1994 South Africa has introduced many laudable and strong pro-poor policies, notably an impressive electrification and housing programme. We are now 87% electrified compared to 36% in 1996. Despite this, we have not reached the goal of universal access. If the country is to achieve a reduction in energy poverty and reach its goal of 100% electrification, policy and regulatory frameworks, and resources to support energy service delivery and implementation, need to be reviewed.

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Estimating Emissions Associated with Universal Access to Electricity

This paper by Louise Tait and Harald Winkler estimates the electricity demand from the residential sector to 2020 resulting from universal access, would constitute only a small addition to total electricity demand. Furthermore, emissions from the additional electricity consumed by newly connected households would have a negligible impact on South Africa’s emissions profile. (Tait and Winkler, 2012)

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State of Energy in South African Cities 2011

This report produced by the City Energy Support Unit of Sustainable Energy Africa provides an update on the 2006 report. It attempts to contribute to the body of work detailing and documenting city work and the policy arena relating to energy development. (SEA, 2011)

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Gauteng Integrated Energy Strategy March 2010

The main purpose of the strategy and implementation plan is to direct the way that energy is supplied and used within the Gauteng province during the next 5 years (2015); 15 years (2025); 45 years (2055) and beyond, in an integrated and comprehensive manner. (Sustainable Energy Africa for Gauteng Provincial Govt., 2009)

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Gauteng: Integrated Energy Plan (Data Report)

This is energy use report for three Gauteng municipalities; Ekurhuleni (EMM), Johannesburg (CoJ) and Tshwane (CTMM). The data report looks at the municipalities’ energy use and then from this, devises strategies to substantially revise energy use in all sectors to be more sustainable in the years to come (ERC and EnerKey,2008).

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Free Basic Alternative Energy Policy

Free Basic Alternative Energy was introduced by government in 2007 in recognition that not all households would be electrified. The objective was to support indigent households by providing them with a stipulated value / amount of alternative fuels deemed appropriate by the relevant local municipality. (Department of Minerals and Energy, 2007)

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