The objective of this document is to provide policy guidelines for the provision of non-grid electrification to households as part of the Integrated National Electrification Programme. (DoE, 2012)
An overview of experiences, lessons and challenges with informal electrification in South Africa, drawing primarily on eThekwini and Cape Town's informal electrification programmes (Sustainable Energy Africa, 2012).
The objective of this 2011 document is to provide clear guidelines regarding the electrification of unproclaimed areas/ informal settlements as part of the Integrated National Electrification Programme (INEP). (DoE, 2011)
This guideline provides information to municipalities on the suite of options available for the provision of safe, affordable and reliable alternative energy technologies to low-income households, and the suite of appropriate energy saving technologies. The guide is in draft format for comment by municipalities. (SALGA, 2014)
The objective of this document is to develop and provide a suite of supply framework in line with the Energy White Paper, providing a uniform set of standardised supply options and connection fees as well as a uniform approach to electrification tariffs for electrification customers for all licensed entities providing electricity. (DoE, 2012)
NEAC Meeting No.2, 16 August 2007 The DME is committed to achieve universal access by 2012 the target is possible if all issues indicated are addressed. The DME will continue to encourage the private sector, public sector and all stakeholders participating in the electrification programme to give their support. These will result in greater skills development, economic growth and ultimately contribute to poverty alleviation. (DME, 2007)
Free Basic Alternative Energy was introduced by government in 2007 in recognition that not all households would be electrified. The objective was to support indigent households by providing them with the equivalent of R56.29 per month of alternative fuels and energy forms deemed appropriate by the municipality. (DoE, 2007)
Policy introduced in 2003 to enable poor households to afford the use of electricity. It allows indigent households 50 kWh of free electricity per month in order to meet basic energy needs. (Department of Energy, 2003)
These posters provide an overview of the results of a household energy-use survey that took place in Dikgale, Polokwane. (SEA, 2016)
This Department of Energy survey follows on from the 2012 survey. The intention is that this will become an annual study/survey. This survey explored multiple energy use and energy poverty and examined household satisfaction with electricity provision as well as perceptions about the quality and pricing of electricity and other energy sources. (DoE, 2013)
This survey was produced by the Department of Energy in 2012. The primary overall objective of this survey was to gather information about household energy- related behaviour in South Africa and explore multiple energy use and energy poverty in South Africa. (DoE, 2012)
Report assesses the suitability and appropriateness of alternative clean energy technologies to meet the primary household energy requirements of cooking, lighting, water heating and space heating in densely populated unelectrified informal communities in Gauteng.
This extensive survey conducted by SEA and University of Limpopo looked at household energy requirements for cooking, lighting, heating and cooling. The purpose of the survey was to gain an understanding of current energy use demands and needs as well as household perceptions around energy use and awareness in Ga-Dikgale, Polokwane (Sustainable Energy Africa and University of Limpopo, 2016).
This paper by P Wolpe and Y Reddy sets out to explore through the analysis of urban energy poverty in informal settlements the challenges of developmental local government in its approaches to energy service delivery to this sector. It concludes that these developmental challenges require transformation at multiple levels of government in order to fulfil the constitutional objectives of poverty alleviation and to promote development and growth in South Africa. At the local level responsive solutions and capacity to undertake this is required, while at the macro-level, strengthened leadership and enhanced intergovernmental coordination is required to change the status quo. (Wolpe, et.al 2012)
This booklet briefly examines alternative energy technologies and associated energy sources available in the market that are cleaner, appropriate, applicable and sustainable relative to those that are currently available and used by informal households for their domestic energy requirements (SEA, 2016).
Establishing a framework for protecting poor households through tariff and subsidy design, in the context of increasing costs, is the primary focus of this study, as it is these measures that will have the greatest impact on poor households. (Palmer Development Group, 2010)
This paper by Peta Wolpe, Yachika Reddy and Megan Euston-Brown focuses on the energy dimension of urban sustainable development through three key themes which are central to socially acceptable, resource efficient future cities: 1) The spatial form of cities; 2) Transport and 3) Electricity provision to informal settlements. (Wolpe et.al, 2013)
This paper by Louise Tait and Harald Winkler estimates the electricity demand from the residential sector to 2020 resulting from universal access, would constitute only a small addition to total electricity demand. Furthermore, emissions from the additional electricity consumed by newly connected households would have a negligible impact on South Africa's emissions profile. (Tait and Winkler, 2012)
This paper highlights the injustices of energy service provision in South Africa currently, and critiques the current policy and programmes in place to address energy service provision for the poor. (CURES, Restio Energy, 2009)
This paper by Marquard, Bekker, Eberhard, Gaunt documents the electrification programme and provides a critical reflection of the programme as well as the social and economic impacts. (Marquard et. al, 2007)
This booklet is a shortened version of a research paper produced by Sustainable Energy Africa considers the challenges and opportunities to energy access at local government level with a particular focus on electrification and issues relating to urban energy poverty. (SEA, 2014)
This research paper produced by Sustainable Energy Africa considers the challenges and opportunities to energy access at local government level with a particular focus on electrification and issues relating to urban energy poverty. (SEA, 2014)
This report considers the impact of energy efficiency and renewable energy on municipal revenue and its subsequent impact on the ability of the municipality to cross-subsidise services for the poor. Further municipality-specific financial modelling reports for Cape Town, Ekurhuleni and eThekwini are available when accessing documents through the map on the website home page. (Sustainable Energy Africa, 2013)
A discussion document proposing the new structure of the local government equitable share grant - which is an unconditional grant disbursed to municipalities to support the provision of basic services. (Dept. of National Treasury, Dept. of Cooperative Governance, SALGA, StatSA, Financial Fiscal Commission, 2012)
A letter from the Department of Human Settlements on the new national norms and standards for the construction of thermally efficient stand-alone residential dwellings and the increase in the housing subsidy to implement these norms and standards. (National Dept. of Human Settlements, 2014)