A brochure on the toolkit available (includes presentation, presentation notes and spreadsheet tool) to municipalities to assess their potential for biogas to energy. (SALGA, 2015)
An Excel tool to calculate the biogas potential at individual waste water treatment plants. (SALGA, 2015)
A presentation that provides information on biogas to energy in waste water treatment plants, aimed at assisting municipal officials to present the energy potential from biogas in their waste water treatment plant to other municipal departments and their management. The presentation can be used and modified by municipalities. (SALGA, 2015)
These notes serve as background information to the presentation provided. (SALGA, 2015)
An info package on the Local Economic Benefits in the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme – an information package for councillors and officials (GIZ & SALGA, 2016).
This report examines the economic consequences of the City of Cape Town's Solar Water Heater (SWH) Programme. Three sets of results are presented, namely an economic cost benefit analysis, a financial stakeholder analysis and a macroeconomic analysis. (Strategic Economic Solutions for City of Cape Town, 2013)
The aim of the survey was to test prospective customer perceptions regarding their levels of awareness, knowledge and attitudes towards solar water heaters. (Mthente Research and Consulting Services commissioned by Ozinsky Consulting on behalf of the City of Cape Town, 2013)
An interactive cost benefit analysis spreadsheet comparing solar water heaters with electric geysers. (Sustainable Energy Africa for City of Cape Town, 2013)
These four amalgamated solar water heater (SWH) Programme documents provide: (1) an explanation of the Cost Benefit Analysis Spreadsheet (document 3), (2) Rand-value savings estimates by the City on household SWH installation, (3) a legal opinion on the SWH Programme, and (4) an overview of the role of the Programme Management Unit set up by the City.
These three amalgamated solar water heater (SWH) Programme documents provide: (1) an explanatory leaflet to assist applicants who wish to become accredited under Cape Town's Residential SWH Accreditation Programme, (2) an application form to register as an accredited SWH installer, and (3) an accreditation agreement form between the City of Cape Town and an accredited SWH installer.
These four amalgamated solar water heater (SWH) Programme documents provide: (1) a code of conduct for service providers accredited under Cape Town's Residential SWH Accreditation Programme (2) a service agreement between the City and the Plumbing Industry Registration Board to assist in monitoring the standards of SWHs installed by Accredited Service Providers (3) a professional services agreement between the City and the Western Cape Approved Electrical Inspection Authority, and (4) a pre-launch briefing for potential applicants to Cape Town's Residential SWH Accreditation Programme.
A generic technical specification for solar PV embedded generators to be linked to a municipal electricity network (eThekwini 2013)
This document discusses the operational aspects that need to be considered for the proper connection of embedded generation capacity to the distribution grid, as well as an explanation of the proposed approach to assessing the financial impact on municipalities. (AMEU, 2013)
Support for local government on implementing energy efficiency and renewable energy options. Covers solar water heating, efficient lighting, efficient building management, public transport, waste to energy, solar PV and others (Sustainable Energy Africa, 2009).
This guide contains instructions on how to use the "Solar PV Cost Benefit Analysis Spreadsheet Tool" and the "Impact of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency on Municipal Revenue Spreadsheet Tool." (Sustainable Energy Africa, 2014).
This is information package for local government on the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producers Procurement Programme (REIPPPP)(GIZ & SALGA, 2016)
A checklist for local and provincial government on the permitting and authorisation processes for the fourth window of the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme. Read the full report for more backgroud information. (By Africoast Engineers for Eastern Cape Provincial Government Department of Economic Development, Environmental Affairs & Tourism, 2013)
A flow diagram showing the permitting and authorisation processes for the fourth window of the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme. Read the full report for more backgroud information. (By Africoast Engineers for Eastern Cape Provincial Government Department of Economic Development, Environmental Affairs & Tourism, 2013)
The aim of the study is to identify those permitting and authorisation processes relevant to provincial departments and/or municipalities, identify the stumbling blocks within these processes, and provide support and guidelines for relevant provincial and municipal role-players to effectively engage in the fourth window of the Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme. (By Africoast Engineers for Eastern Cape Provincial Government Department of Economic Development, Environmental Affairs & Tourism, 2013)
This document provides guidelines on how to install rooftop solar PV safely and legally, including information on how to decide on the type of system installed, how to select a service provider and the key requirements for installation. (City of Cape Town, 2016)
This Guideline provides a resource for municipal officials that addresses (1) the process in assessing and planning energy consumption reduction in water and wastewater infrastructure in a cost-effective manner, (2) how to choose the right energy efficiency technologies, and (3) cost-effective options for generating renewable energy from water and wastewater infrastructure. The guide is in draft format for comment by municipalities. (SALGA, 2014)
This toolkit aims to empower all municipalities in South Africa with the knowledge and a set of practical tools to assist them in effectively raising the funds needed to implement energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. The toolkit is in draft format for comment by municipalities. (SALGA, 2014)
Solar power rollout guide for local governments. Developed for the USA situation, but with some relevant sections for South Africa (US DoE, 2011).
This spreadsheet tool calculates the payback periods of solar PV installation if installed now, in 5 years or in 10 years time. Inputs include PV system cost, specifications and generation; building electricity use; electricity tariffs over time; discount rate and finance period, amongst others. The instructions on the use of this tool can be found in the "Guide on Municipal Revenue Impact from Renewable and Energy Efficiency Tools" available for download on this webpage. (Sustainable Energy Africa, 2014)
This spreadsheet tool allows for the comparison of capital and operating costs of a solar water heater and conventional geyser for either a cash purchase or financed case; allowing for the adjustment of variables such as electricity price and price increases, discount rate, finance rate and period, system size and cost, water usage, etc. (Sustainable Energy Africa, 2017)
This report explains how municipalities can roll out solar water heaters in low income households (Sustainable Energy Africa).
This report sheds light on the policy requirements and initial implementation experiences of the REIPPP. It explores emerging evidence of local community development schemes established by the renewable energy industry and proposes steps to overcome emerging challenges. Information in this report is based on a review of the bid documents submitted to the Department of Energy as well as engagements with policy stakeholders in public forums such as conferences and workshops. Stakeholders include Government and the private sector, nongovernmental organisations as well as members of communities engaged with renewable energy projects.
Background analysis and strategy for mass rollout of solar water heaters in different income groups of the Western Cape (Sustainable Energy Africa, for WC Provincial Govt 2010)
Comments from the South African Local Government Association/ Association of Municipal Electricity Utilities/ Eskom reference group on the National Energy Regulator's Standard Conditions for Small-Scale Embedded Generators (SALGA, 2014)
NERSA guidelines indicating that embedded generators in municipal distributor areas under 100kW do not require licenses. Other requirements for such generators are listed. (NERSA 2011 - Outdated)
Renewable energy policy for South Africa, including an overall renewable energy target (Gov SA 2003). A review of the document was undertaken in 2010 but has not been released.
A review of the municipal policy and legal framework regarding engaging with renewable energy service providers (eThekwini Municipality 2013)
This report provides eThekwini Municipality decision makers and officials with technical guidance on the potential of renewable energy (RE) technologies as well as guidelines for implementation. This report also informs the eThekwini Energy Strategy which includes the development and the implementation of these RE technologies. (EThekwini Municipality, 2007)
This study conducted by GIZ and SALGA explores the potential for the development of viable anaerobic digestion projects at nine selected pilot municipalities. The report highlights the lessons learnt during the 9 scoping studies and summarises the findings for each of the 9 municipalities (GIZ, SALGA, 2015).
A case study on Ekurhuleni's Leeupan solar PV plant. (Ekurhuleni Metro Municipality)
This document outlines the experiences and lessons learnt with regards to small-scale embedded generation within Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. It covers costs and financing, barriers to implementation, suggestions for a way forward, and important aspects that other municipalities need to consider before allowing SSEG (ICLEI, 2015).
A case study of Africa's first landfill gas to electricity project in eThekwini. (EThekwini Municipality)
A case study on the scoping exercise undertaken by eThekwini on the viability of micro-hydro projects in the water distribution infrastructure of the municipality. (EThekwini Municipality)
This project is about the Leeupan solar PV project developed as a demostration project by Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality (EMM) (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2015).
A case study on the City of Johannesburg's waste water to energy projects. (SEA)
This is a fact-sheet that aims at summarising the data available for three landfill gas to electricity projects (in Ekurhuleni, Johannesburg and eThekwini) and drawing some generic lessons learnt that could be valuable for other municipalities willing to explore similar opportunities (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2016).
The Johannesburg landfill gas to energy project, initially conceived as a carbon reduction project, aims to mitigate greenhouse gases from five landfill sites in Johannesburg, through converting its landfill gas to electricity. The five sites have a combined potential capacity of 18.6 MW of electricity, and the project will be by far the largest municipal-driven renewable energy development in South Africa to date (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2016).
This case study is about Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality’s development towards meeting its 10% renewable energy target by installing a 1MW landfill gas to electricity plant at the Simmer and Jack landfill site in Germiston (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2015).
This case study is about the pioneering Durban landfill gas to electricity project which has been an exercise in “learning by doing”; generating not only power but invaluable human expertise and capacity (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2015).
The case study showcases the City’s commitment to renewable energy. Using the biogas to energy project implemented at the Northern Works Waste Water Treatment plant which produces electricity from biogas using cogeneration (or combined heat and power, CHP) gas engines (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2015).
This project is about the 20-year wheeling agreement which was signed between the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality and Amatola Green Power (AGP). To date 5 000 MWh are wheeled each year, from private renewable energy developers to willing buyers, through the municipal network (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2015).
The report investigates the potential for Municipalities to play a more pro-active role in rolling out of distributed energy to address electricity constraints and generate income. This is done through an analysis of three municipal buildings to determine their suitability for rooftop PV followed by a pre-feasibility report (both technical and financial) in respect of the optimal building selected.
This case study is about the Bronkhorstspruit Biogas Project (BBP) which is the first large scale animal waste-to-energy project in South Africa, addressing clean and secure energy needs while resolving waste issues (GIZ, SALGA & SEA, 2015).
Concentrating solar technology (CST) offers South Africa an important frontier technology development opportunity, enabled by access to solar resources among the best in the world as a platform for testing new technologies and reducing the cost gap (versus traditional baseload electricity sources).
The South African power sector is unique and adjustments to REIPPPP for market adaptation must be expected. Therefore, this research paper will also discuss ways in which the Programme can evolve efficiently to sustain a long-term renewable energy market that will support SA’s growth and development needs, and its peak-plateau-decline trajectory stipulated in the National Climate Change Response (NCCR) White Paper.
Analysis of the direct and indirect job creation potential in moving to a green economy in South Africa, with a focus on green energy (IDC, DBSA and TIPS, 2011).
Maximising local benefit potential in South Africas Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme (UCT Energy Research Centre for IIED, 2013)
Useful information on Germany's 15+ years of experience with solar PV, including cost effectiveness, installed capacity, and role in the national generation profile (Fraunhofer Institute, 2014).
GreenCape’s 2016 market intelligence reports, covering green economy opportunities in the utility-scale renewable energy sector. The report is aimed at green technology and services companies and investors that are currently active or interested in entering this sector in South Africa, and the Western Cape specifically. The report provides an overview of the market within the sector, including the key players, legislation and regulation, opportunities and challenges, important developments and achievements.
This report shows that the levelised cost of producing RE already competes favourably with the three main alternatives, namely coal, gas and nuclear, and that a broader RE base would contribute to a more climate-resilient future and insulate South Africa from dependence on expensive and unreliable fuel sources priced in dollars. Critical from a planning perspective, RE can also provide added flexibly on an ‘as needed’ basis, as electricity demand grows. This is vital in a highly uncertain environment.
A study to identify opportunities and hurdles towards maximising the uptake of rooftop PV within mid-sized municipalities in the Western Cape. The Hessequa Municipality (Riversdale), was selected as a case study (Centre of Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies 2013).
A spreadsheet stepping through the legal requirements relevant to prospective embedded generators in municipal networks (eThekwini 2013)
Review of the legal situation regarding embedded generators within municipal networks (eThekwini 2013)